An Tir Internal Letter of Intent

Free to all persons willing to comment on a regular basis

Commentary due on this letter by May 11th 2000

This letter is also available by subscription for $12.00 U.S./year


March 13, 2000


Unto the An Tir College of Heralds, greetings to all on this fine spring day from Rafaella Lions Blood.

Commentary on this Letter is due 11 May 2000

There was no February meeting. Thanks to everyone who didn't attend. There being no Feb. meeting, there were no items sent to Laurel or returned for further work at Kingdom.

Correction!!! The March Lions Blood meeting will be Sunday, 16 March 2000, 1pm (note time!) at the home of Dame Zenobia Naphtali, 8675 SW Avery St., Tualatin, OR. Phone # (503) 692-0177. Sorry for the typo.

The April Lions Blood meeting will be Sunday, 9 April 2000, at the Symposium. [See Symposium event copy included.]

The May Lions Blood meeting will be Sunday, 14 May 2000, 11:30 am at the home of Rafaella d'Allemtejo, 9975 SW Walnut St. #2, Tigard, OR 97223. 503-431-2316. Please bring a chair!

A Note on Commenting:
Many new people have joined the ranks of the College as commenters, so here's a few words on what commentary should include:

  • Your SCA name, modern name, and contact information (and the names of everyone who has contributed to the commentary if this is a group letter)
  • Please include the date or month of the IL your letter addresses ("Jan IL" or "letter dated 06 September 2000")
  • Only the items you are commenting on need to be listed (this is better than "no comment" items)
  • Please list each item number and name as it appears on the IL.
  • Clearly cite your sources, using author name, title of book off the title page, edition number if applicable, page number AND heading where found. If you're citing a webpage, include the title of the document and the full URL address.
  • Remember, names need to be conflict-checked just as much as armory (we've had a number of names returned for conflict recently.)
  • I can accept commentary via post or email, and can even accept attachments now (yes, finally!)
  • All commentary is brought to the Lions Blood meeting for discussion. Each item is discussed in order, and attendees read commentary sent in by folks not attending the meeting in addition to providing their own comments. [In case someone was under the impression that LB was only one reading their commentary.] It's important that I have a copy of commentary from everyone, even if you attend the meeting, as I use commentary to compile the External Letter of Intent.

    Documentation as listed on the Internal Letter is taken directly from information provided by submitters and the heralds that help them. Sometimes the tone of commentary I receive seems to imply that Lions Blood is responsible for the quality of information provided. Ow contrary! I will freely admit to the hopefully-infrequent typo, but blazons are taken verbatim from the submission forms and documentation is synthesized from the information provided. Presenting documentation as given furthers our goal of education as everyone has the opportunity to correct blazons, research names, and apply the Rules for Submission.

    Remember to receive the Internal Letter via post for free, you must comment regularly. If you find you cannot comment regularly, the Internal Letter by subscription is still only $12US or $16CAD, which covers postage and copying.

    Thanks! to everyone who supports the An Tir College of Heralds by commenting.

    An Tir Kingdom Heraldic Symposium, College of St. Giles, (Victoria, BC), April 8 & 9, 2000  

    The College of St. Giles in the Barony of Seagirt is proud to be host to the An Tir Kingdom Heraldic Symposium.  There will be many classes on a variety of subjects for anyone interested in heraldry or heraldic display.  There will also be an heraldic consultation table, where you can work with a herald to design and document your name and arms, a place to display your heraldically decorated items, and a Fools Feast in the evening. Feast spaces must be reserved by April 4th (see contact below).

    AUTOCRAT: Jacobus filius Catomagli (mka Mike Case), (250) 920-7948,; Course Information: Frederic Badger,; Fools Feast Tickets, Pre-Registration, and Ferry Pick-up: Margaree ny
    Kenneth (mka Veronica Vander Heiden), (250)380-6873, Directions to Seagirt:

    DIRECTIONS: The site for classes is the University of Victoria.
    From the Schwartz Bay (BC Ferries): Follow the Pat Bay Hwy to the McKenzie Ave/ University of Victoria exit. Turn left on McKenzie. Follow directions below.
    From the North Island: Follow the Island Hwy south to McKenzie, turn left onto McKenzie. Follow directions below.
    All Routes: Follow McKenzie straight until you pass Gordon Head Rd. (first set of lights after Shelbourne). The right lane will exit to the University. Turn right on Ring Rd. and follow it around until you see the 'St. Giles' signs. The feast site is TBA. For directions from other ferry routes, and for general travel information, contact the autocrat, or check the Seagirt website's directions page at where you will find links to the various ferry companies web pages. A ferry pick-up service will be available (not bringing a car over can make the trip quite economical).


    Classes Saturday only, there will be a Black Lion meeting and a Lion's Blood meeting at the same site on Sunday.

    Consult table runs during Saturday starting from the end of the How to Run a Consult Table class.

    There will be an Arts project room running all day for random heraldic art projects.

    There will be hot food available on site both during classes on Saturday and the meetings on Sunday.

    Class registration is on a first-come, first-serve basis. While on-site registration is welcome, class space will be reserved first for those who register and pay in advance. Pre-registrations should be sent to: Margaree ny Kenneth, #16 - 478 Culduthel Rd.   Victoria, BC, Canada V8Z 1G1, Phone: (250) 380-6873.


      9:00 to 11:00 11:00 to 1:00 LUNCH (1hr) 2:00 to 4:00 4:00 to 6:00
    Track 1: Basic Court Running Heralds Point   Basic Protocol Field Heraldry
    Track 2: Basic Heraldry (Blazon) Basic Names   Heraldic Display ("Graphic" Heraldry) Designing Heraldry for Non-Heraldic Cultures
    Track 3: Heraldic Embroidery Silk Painting   Silk Painting (continued) Open Area for Projects
    Track 4: How to Run a Consult Table Basic Conflict Checking   Basic Conflict Checking (Continued) Heraldic Costume


    Track 1:
    Basic Court Heraldry
    Class Fee: $3.00 US ($4.50 Can) Min/Max: 3/-
    Instructor: Natasha Orionova Zateeva
    Description: "You want me to do what??? Or Doing Court Heraldry Without Having a Nervous Breakdown" Basics of doing court heraldry, tips for first-timers and old-timers. Includes (hopefully) practicum if time allows. 2 hrs.
    Materials Needed by students: Interest in court heraldry, note taking materials

    Running Heralds Point Class Fee: $1.00 US ($1.50 Can) Min/Max: 3/15
    Instructor: Saewynn Silfrhrafn
    Description: Advice on the care and feeding of voice heralds, as well as the taking of announcements and court business. 2 hours
    Materials Needed by students: Note-taking materials

    Protocol for the Herald Class Fee: $1.00 US ($1.50 Can) Min/Max: 1/-
    Instructor(s): Beatrice Domenici della Campana, Elisabeth de Rossignol
    Description: This class addresses issues of etiquette particularly of interest to the herald, but not limited to same--forms of address (both written and spoken), introductions, table arranging, Grand Marches, etc. 2 hours
    Materials Needed by students: Note taking materials

    Field Heraldry Class Fee: $1.00 US ($1.50 Can) Min/Max: 1/-
    Instructor(s): Ciaran Cluana Ferta
    Description: This class addresses the basics of field heraldry. 2 hrs. Materials Needed by students: Note taking materials

    Track 2:
    Basic Heraldry
    (Blazon) Class Fee: $2.00 US ($3.00 Can) Min/Max: 1/-
    Instructor(s): David of Moffat
    Description: Basic Heraldry: An introduction to armory, this class will cover the basic elements of devices and badges, basic rules for constructing an heraldic design, and the rules for constructing a blazon that will adequately describe your design. 2 hours.
    Materials Needed by students: Note taking materials

    Basic Names Class Fee: $1.00 US ($1.50 Can) Min/Max: 1/-
    Instructor(s): Jean Phillip Lours, Elisabeth de Rossignol
    Description: 2 hours.
    Materials Needed by students: Note taking materials

    Heraldic Display ("Graphic" Heraldry) Class Fee: $1.00 US ($1.50 Can) Min/Max: 3/25
    Instructor(s): Elizabeth Braidwood
    Description: Now you have a device, what are you going to do with it? You can make a banner -- but don't stop there! Use your armory to decorate surcoats, tourney chests, pavilion decorations, goblets & dinnerware, squires and other retainers, jewelry, and much more. Come to this class for inspiration and how-to on how to use your heraldry for more than just your banner. 2 hours.
    Materials Needed by students: Note taking materials

    Designing Heraldry for Non-Heraldic Cultures Class Fee: $2.00 US ($3.00 Can) Min/Max: 1/-
    Instructor(s): Zenobia Naphtali
    Description: What do you do if you want SCA heraldry but your persona didn't use heraldry? We'll discuss this matter
    generally, and then discuss specific instances brought up by people attending the class. Submitters and consulting heralds both welcome. 2 hours.
    Materials Needed by students: Note taking materials

    Track 3:
    Heraldic Embroidery
    Class Fee $2.00 US ($3.00 Can) Min/Max: 1/15
    Instructor: Rafaella d'Allemtejo
    Description: Class will be a survey of embroidery techniques, materials, and their heraldic uses in period. We'll look at primary & secondary sources and look at SCA-made examples. Come brainstorm techniques and ideas for garb, banners, wallhangings, and more. A substantial handout will be distributed, and some materials will be available for newer stitchers. 2 hours.
    Materials Needed by students: note taking materials, scissors, ideas & projects for show & tell. No needlework prerequisites needed.

    Silk Painting Class Fee: $5.00 US ($7.00 Can) Min/Max: 1/-
    Instructor(s): Adrianna the Fierce
    Description: This is a silk painting "workshop" in which the student will walk away with a hanky-sized chunk of silk with a decoration on it. They can bring a design to paint into the silk, the size is 11" diameter, with thick lines. 4 hours.
    Materials Needed by students: Note taking materials.

    Track 4:
    How to Run a Consult Table
    Class Fee: $3.00 US ($4.50 Can) Min/Max: 1/-
    Instructor(s): Eglentyne Merryweather
    Description: This course will offer some ideas on basic ways to set up and run a consult table, supplies needed, handy things to remember, some basic references, how to fill out submission forms, and some ideas on how to help the submitter find that name or device idea they want. There will also be discussion of the impact of the Internet on research and submissions.

    Basic Conflict Checking Class Fee: $3.00 US ($4.50 Can) Min/Max: 1/25
    Instructor(s): Teceangl Bach
    Description: An overview of the tools needed to conflict check names and armory efficiently, where to get them and how to use them, and also some tips and timesaving techniques. There will be plenty of hands-on practice. 4 hours
    Materials Needed by students: note taking implements, Rules for Submission if possible, but not required

    Heraldic Costume. Class Fee: $1.00 US ($1.50 Can) Min/Max:
    Instructor(s): Elisabeth de Rossignol, David of Moffat
    Description: This class examines the history of Heraldic costume thru the use of examples and discussion. 2hrs
    Materials Needed by students: Note taking materials

    Old Submissions


    New Submissions:

    1. Avacal, Principality of for the Award of the Little Griffin (Avacal) Order Name, New

    Submitter will not accept major changes and cares most about the meaning. The order is meant to be a children's award. They cite Da'ud Precedent "Order names in period seem to have been based on tangible objects (such as the Order of the Golden Fleece) or on abstract concepts which members of the Order embody (such as the Legion of Honor)" [2/94, p. 19], and goes on to say "A "Griffin" is a tangible object and "Little" is a reasonable adjective. Both are normal English. There is SCA precedent for a similar construction from the Barony of Politarchopolis "Order of the Burly Griffin."

    2. Brennan O'Loughran (Stromgard) Name and Device, Resubmission to Kingdom

    Azure, two herons addorsed argent.

    His previous name submission, "Brennan LÚchrann", was returned in October 1999 for lack of proof of <Brennan> as his legal name and for construction problems with the adjectival byname; he had declined all changes. His device was returned because Kingdoms cannot create holding names. Submitter will now accept unspecified changes and wishes to retain the sound of the name. He includes a copy of his driver's license showing <Brennan> to be his legal first name, and cites <Loughran> from MacLysaught's Irish Surnames, p.199 sub "Loughran". The particle "O'" is meant to denote "son of".

    3. Elizabeth Braidwood (Lion's Gate) Badge, New

    [Fieldless] A yale rampant Or.

    The submitter's name was registered in Dec. 1990.

    4. Etienne le marchand (Adiantium) Name and Device, New

    Sable, a phoenix displayed Or, in chief two crescents argent.

    The submitter will not accept major changes and cares most about meaning being "Steve the merchant". He'd also like a masculine name appropriate for 15th-16th century, presumably France. <Etienne> is found on p. 241 of Dauzat's Noms de famile as a French form of the saint's name "Stephen". <le marchand> is French for "the merchant" and found on p. 298 of Reaney & Wilson sub. Marchant, dated to 1240. The phoenix is all Or.

    5. Faidh Aloinn clann Leah (Sigelhundas) Name, New

    Submitter will not accept any changes and wishes a masculine Gaelic name for 9th century Scotland. The name is said to be a direct translation of modern name into Gaelic, with the addition of a sept or dit name. According to the submitter's cover letter the construction is [Faidh = birth name] [Aloinn = patronymic or ancestral family name] and [clann Leah = sept name]. His modern name of "Jeremy" is said to mean "prophet" from a copy of an online baby name book and the modern surname of "Lee" is said to mean glade in English. MacBain's (presumably an online dictionary) at, show's "fýidh" meaning "a prophet" in Irish. The same source lists "loinn" as "glade" and the modifier "a" is cited as meaning "of the", making <Aloinn> "of the glade". <Leah> is supported by copies from [no title of the document given] under the headings "Lee/Lea" and "Lease" which say "the surname Lea is derived from the Old English word leah, which meant' clearing in the woods'" and "In medieval times, the Old English word leah mean 'wood' or 'clearing' and the name Lee (or Lea) described the man who lived near a meadow, pasture, or patch of arable land. […] some with the name Lease or Lees are descended from Scots with the surname Gillies, where the first part of the name has been lost through aphesis, when a short beginning syllable is dropped through lazy pronunciation." Copies from http:// explain the origin of "dit names" as "an alias to a family name" and <clann> is supposedly used to show this construction, although the example on this webpage is "Barthelemy Hugon dit Jaret" dated at 1471 (by the author of the webpage who says he has primary source letter). I appeal to those with Gaelic/Scots expertise for help, especially as the submitter wants an authentic early period name but will accept no changes.

    6. Francesco Antonio di Firenze (Wyewood) Name and Device, New

    Azure, a peacock contourney pavonated to base, on a chief nebuly Or three fleurs de lis azure.

    He will not accept major changes and cares most about the sound but also wishes an authentic name for 1500-1600 Italian/Florence. Copies from "Italian Names from Florance [sic], 1427" found at… [the copying cuts off the rest] show that <Francesco> and <Antonio> are both in the top 10 names and patromyns of the "Catasto of 1427" a tax census of the city of Florance [sic] in 1427. <di Firenze> is not documented. [I know it means "of Florence" but would appreciate it if supporting citation were found. Thanks much.]

    7. GeneviÈve de Clairvaux les Lacs (Appledore)

    Device, Resubmission to Kingdom

    Sable, on a bend sinister Or, three decrescents azure between a lion rampant turned to sinister and a fleur-de-lis Or.

    Her name is on the Dec. 1999 LoI. The previous attempt: Sable, on a bend sinister argent, three decrescents azure between a lion rampant turned to sinister and a fleur-de-lis Or was returned in December as it was found to conflict with ¿ed F·id (2/98), Sable, on a bend sinister argent between two flames Or three eyes fesswise azure, with only one clear difference in the change of the type of secondaries. This attempt changes the tincture of the ordinary.

    8. Helevisa de Horsmonden (Three Mountains) Name, New

    Submitter will not accept major changes and wishes a 13th century feminine English name. <Helevisa> is found in Withycombe under "Heloise" dated 1273. <Horsmonden> is found in Ekwall as a header spelling dated to 1263. <de> is a locative designator appropriate for a 13th century byname as cited from the introduction of Reaney & Wilson, 3rd. ed.

    9. Johannes Fairhand (Blatha an Oir) Name and Device, New

    Purpure a hand argent.

    Submitter will accept unspecified changes and wishes an English name. He cites Reaney & Wilson 3rd. edition p. 256 under "John" for <Johannes>. For the byname he says, "<Fairhand> is a constructed byname based on the model of the attested period bynames "Fairfoot", R&W p. 161 dated 1209, "Fairhead", R&W p. 161 dated 1279, and "Fairmain" (fair hand) ibid. 1376. A direct English translation of the last."

    10. Johannes Fairhand (Blatha an Oir) Badge, New

    [Fieldless] On a hand argent the letter "J" purpure.

    11. Kjartan Crow (Cragmere) Name and Device, New

    Argent, on a pile sable a decrescent and increscent, in pale a sword argent, the handle Or.

    Submitter will accept unspecified changes and wishes a masculine Norse name acceptable between 850-1200 A.D. Copies of the Penguin translation of Eyrbyggja Saga, written in the thirteenth century, are included for <Kjartan>, p. 40 "Thord asked if he had noticed young Kjartan, the son of Thurid and Thorodd…" For <Crow> copies of the Penguin translation of Njall's Saga, written in the last quarter of the thirteenth century, are included, p. 207 "…Thorleif Crow (from whom the men of Skogar are descended)…". Nice highlighting!

    12. LÈandre de Fravaux (Wastekeep) Name, New

    Submitter will accept unspecified changes and wishes an early French masculine name. His documentation was provided by Countess Elisabeth in a letter which cites for <LÈandre> Dictionnaire etymologique de noms de famille et prenoms de France by Albert Dauzat, p. 376. Copies of p. 303 from Dictionnaire etymologique de noms de lieux en France by Albert Dauzat are included for <Fravaux>, which is the header spelling. Earlier spellings include "Fredevallis", dated to 1113, "Freuval" dated to 1146, and "Fraevillis" dated to 1148. The byname, 'de Fravaux', means "of or from Fravaux".

    13. Sofia Augusta di Livorno (Aquaterra) Device, Resubmission to Kingdom

    Per chevron engrailed Or and azure, a dragon rampant and in chief two dolphins hauriant respectant counterchanged.

    Her name is on the Jan. 2000 LoI. The previous device submission was returned for a redraw. The placement of the dividing line of looked like several things, without being quite right for any of them. We gave advice on various redraw/blazon options which have been addressed in this submission.

    14. Stephen Schwarzpferd, for House Blackwolf (Three Mountains)

    Household Name and Badge, Resubmission to Kingdom

    [Fieldless] Within and conjoined to an annulet a wolf's head erased sable.

    His name was registered in Nov. 1987. His previous household name attempt "House Darkwolf" was returned in September 1999 for construction problems with the unattested dark+animal. The return suggested "Blackwolf". The current submission is "constructed along lines of inn signs (e.g. Blue Boar, Red Stag, etc.)". The previous badge attempt of [Fieldless] A wolf's head erased sable was returned for conflict with Leidhr™n LeidÛlfsdÛttir 9/92 Per fess paly azure and argent, and argent, a wolf's head couped sable. The annulet has been added to clear this conflict.

    15. Sveinn Har•fari (Veraquilon) Device, Resubmission to Kingdom

    Argent, a mouthless demon's head affronty gules, orbs Or, wearing an arming cap sable.

    His name was registered in Oct. 1999. The previous device attempt Argent, a mouthless demon's head affronty gules, orbs and coronet Or was returned as the submitter is not entitled to the use of a coronet in his device. I fear this attempt may have contrast problems (with the sable cap on the gules monster) so please address that issue in your commentary.

    In Service to Heraldry and AnTir,

    Rafaella d'Allemtejo

    An Tir College of Heralds - Internal Letter - March 2000

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